mercredi 25 novembre 2009

Echanges lexicaux entre Gallo-Romanie et Ibéro-Romanie partie I

Mots ibéro-romans en gascon :
(ie des mots latins archaïques préservés en Ibéro-Romanie et en Gascogne, et absents de Gallo-Romanie, Italie du Nord incluse)

1. G : ar (wooden mould) ; A and Asturian : aro (same sense)

2. G : alèr (shelter under a roof) ; C aler ; S alero (same sense)

3. G : apèr (plough) ; C : aper (plough) ; S : apero (tool) < latin appariare

4. G : aplegar (to gather) ; C : aplegar (to recollect) ; A : aplegar (~same sense) ; S : allegar (to gather) < lat applicare

5. G : arvelha (vetch) ; A : arbeja ; C : arvella ; S : arveja < latin ervilia

6. G : arralhar (to chop) ; A : rallar ; S : rajar

7. G : arrolha (rivulet) ; S : arroyo (stream) < latin arrugia

8. G : vagar (to have time) ; C : vagar ; S : vagar < latin vacare

9. G : vautorn (SW wind) ; A : bolchorno ; S : bochorno < latin vulturnus

10. G : vencilh (flexible branch) ; C : vencill ; A : bensello ; S : vencejo

11. G : brau (marsh) ; S : tierra brava

12. G : broisha (witch) ; C : bruixa ; S : bruja

13. G : capcèra (bedhead) ; S : cabecera < latin capitiaria

14. G : carassòu (sunny side) ; C and S : carasol < latin carasolem

15. G : caucanh (heel) ; A and S : calcaño

16. G : un chic (a bit) ; S : chico ; C : un xic

17. G : clamar (to name) ; S : llamar ; A : clamar

18. G : corrau (enclosed plot of land) ; S and C : corral < latin curralis

19. G : cojolar (shelter for sheep) ; A and S : cubilar < latin cubile

20. G : hart (satiated) ; S : harto ; C : fart

21. G : hat (destiny) ; S : hado ; C : fat < latin fatum

22. G : heder (to stink) ; S : heder < latin foetere

23. G : hets (lees) ; S : hez ; C : feu < latin faecem

24. G : ir (to go) ; S : ir < to go

25. G : lairar/ladrar (to bark) ; S : ladrar ; C : lladrar < latin latrare

26. G : lheute (leaven) ; C : lleute ; S : leudo < latin levitum

27. G : maishèra (cheek) ; S : mejilla < latin maxilla

28. G : malhada (pen) ; S : majada ; C : mallada < latin maculata

29. G : mostajo (rowan) ; A : mostachera ; S : mostajo ; C : moixera < latin mustum

30. G : nina (pupil) ; S : niña del ojo ; A : nineta ; C : nina

31. G : noguèra (walnut tree) ; S and A : noguera < (planta) nucaria (elsewhere in Romania (arbor) nucarius hence noyer in French)

32. G : orsa (jug) ; S : orza ; C : orsa

33. G : pardia (ruins) ; A and C : pardina < latin parietina

34. G : pèrna (loin) ; C : perna ; S : pierna < latin perna

35. G : presep (crib) ; S and C: pesebre < latin praesepe

36. G : saut (forest) ; S : soto < latin saltus

37. G : sengles (each of them) ; S : sendos < latin singulos

38. G : sian (aunt) ; S : tía ; C : tia < latin thia(nem)

39. G : so (sun) ; S : sol ; C : sol < latin solum (elsewhere solicum hence French soleil and Occitan solelh)

40. G : teish (yew) ; S : tejo ; A ; taxo < latin taxus

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